Sample signal waveform in the key modules of the CCTN comparing two pairs of stimuli.
Top panel: When the stimuli are presented, the Receptor feeds the 1.0 value to the network. During the presence of the stimulus, the Accumulator collects the signal from the Pacemaker module. After the exposition of each stimulus, the Accumulator Reset Module resets the signal in the Accumulator – the signal in the Accumulator gradually drops. The Scalar Variance Module located between the Accumulator and the memory modules introduces Gaussian noise to the signal sent from the Accumulator. Middle panel: After the exposition of the first/second stimulus of a pair, the Reference/Working Memory stores the signal acquired from the Scalar Variance Module. After the end of a trial, the signal in these memories is reset. Bottom panel: After the end of the second stimulus of a pair, the Comparator compares signals from the Working Memory and the Reference Memory. When the value in the Reference Memory is bigger, the Comparator sends 1.0, otherwise it sends −1.0. Note that in the example shown, the CCTN made an error when comparing the first pair of stimuli: the Comparator sent a positive value while, in fact, the second stimulus lasted longer.